Lands dominated by the Ottoman Empire and their map (2024)

In this articleof the Ottoman EmpireI would like to share some information I have researched on the lands he previously dominated.I focused mostly on areas that are the subject of discussion on social media.

The light green section covers the lands previously dominated by the Ottoman Empire, and the dark green color covers the dependent lands and areas of influence. I can say that I tried to set the lands under Ottoman rule as accurately as I could, and even searched them one by one according to the provinces and districts of the countries to see if they had Ottoman history.

Lands dominated by the Ottoman Empire and their map (1)

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - Kingdom of Poland;
Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Poland, EstoniaveLithuaniaone that includeskingdomtruck. Ottoman,Transylvania (Ottoman territory also known as Transylvania) Prensi Bathoryin 1576PolandHe succeeded in becoming the head of the Ottoman Empire in 1577.auspicesHe took it to his heart. Approximately25 senecontinued.

Ottoman, still todayFashaving a cityTetouan, Fez, MeknesveMelillaHe directly ruled cities such as. At the same timeSultanate of MoroccoonSpain and PortugalBy defeating their empireSultanate of Moroccoa certain period of timeauspiceshas taken under. But laterOttoman dominationwith the condition of recognition and taxationMorocco has Sultanate statushas been left.Sultanate of Moroccoandof the Ottomanchosenin sultansHe served.
made herePortugalveSpainwars at the same timeWestern sahraIt also spread over him.of the Ottomanwith the help ofSadilisportugalseaten andDesertHe also captured .

In addition, the Ottomans heavily defeated Portugal in the Battle of Vadiüsseyl over Morocco, and the King of Portugal died in the war. Seeing that Portugal was on the verge of collapse with this defeat, Spain took this as an opportunity and invaded Portugal: d.

Arabian peninsula;
Ottoman,You are in the Arabian PeninsulaIn addition to controlling the residential areas, it also entered the desert regions. NowadaysArabiacapital ofRiyadveHSAIt has entered important desert regions such as. OttomanRiyad'then sat1910It was separated in the 1990s. In the upper desert regions of Arabia, the Ottomanpilgrimage routeshas.There are no settlements in the desert regions of the Arabian Peninsula.It is generally not included in Ottoman maps. The Red Sea strip with settlements is included. At the same time, since there are no settlements, it is located in desert areas.garrisonhas not been established. However, there are small emirates and sheriffs in the desert regions that accept Ottoman rule and continue their existence. WellArabian peninsulaDomination was established in the desert region.

Libya consists of 3 regions. These are also known as Tripoli, Fezzan and Cyrenaica or Benghazi. Ottoman firsttripoliHe got . From thereKanim and Bornu Sultanateswhat you haveFizanveSirenaykaHe descended to the desert regions in and established dominance Tripoli provinceDepending on these desert regionsFizanveSirenaykasanjaks were established.
And the Ottoman Empire has now established its dominance in the region adjacent to the Sultanates in Africa. However, the Ottoman army did not stop and continued to advance through Libya. Located in the Fezzan regionMurzuhHe descended to the province and gained domination, and even built agarrisonestablished. And from there to the Niger side of Murzuk province.MurzuqHe also took the district. And the land of NigerKavar Sultanatealso OttomanTo the sanjak of Fezzanis connected.
on Ottoman Niger territoryTo the Kanem-Bornu Empiregave great support. It even influenced the Ottomans.not connected.And OttomanTo the Bornu Empiregivenmilitary trainingswithof the Kanem-Bornu EmpireIt also enabled him to have control over the region.

During the period of Ottoman rule.Sudanon3 SultanatesThere was. TheseSultanate of Bornu, Func and Darfuris. Ottomanred seathe coast of Func akaNegro KingdomHe took direct control of the lands up to . Ottoman army from thereSultanate of FuncandSultanate of DarfurHe has tied himself to himself.Bornu Sultanatewhereas3. Murad'ahimself by sending an envoyto the Ottoman Empiredeclared his commitment. And most of Sudan's residential areas came under Ottoman influence. The upper part of Sudan is a Sahara desert and is uninhabited.

Most of the events I described above3. Muradoccurred during the period. That's whyThe period of Murad III is the largest period of the Ottoman Empire in terms of surface area.


Tabriz and Kermanshah region of Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Dagestan;
Among these regions, Tabrize was the firstYavuz Sultan Selimentered andTabrizHe took it.

Suleiman The MagnificentIn the periodShah Tahmasb'ofPrinciplesupon inviting him to war.PrinciplesHe entered Safavid territory. ButShah Tahmasband his army did not appear against Suleiman the Magnificent's army.canonarmyShah TahmasbHe chased 's army to Qazvine.principles, Shah Tahmasbduring the periodSafevito your land3 timesorganized an expedition. Not thatShah Tahmasbin no wayKanunin ordusaHe didn't show up every timeOttoman armyHe ran away until he gave up on him.

A different version of the same eventYavuz Sultan Selimand Shah Ismail. And Shah Ismail left the army and ran away in the middle of the war. It is even said that he left his wife on the battlefield.

3. Muradwhereassertone timefrom the Safavid Empire It took the Tabriz and Kermanshah regions of Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Dagestan.These regions were managed for about 20-25 years and then abandoned.
Later3. Murad'ofSafavid EmpireThe lands he took from3. Ahmedduring the period1720'liIt was taken again in the middle of the years. Losing much of the eastern part of its territorySafavid Empirehas gone into decline. AndIt was destroyed in 1736.

East African sphere of influence;
I could not show these regions on the map. In a part of Somalia outside the Ottoman Abyssinian province, there is the Adal Sultanate and the Ajuran Empire on Ethiopian territory. The Ottoman Empire ensured that these states remained strong in the region by providing them with weapons and artillery support against the colonialists in the region. It emerged from the territory of the Ottoman Abyssinia province in the 1910s.

The Ottoman army laterEast Africacolonized onportuguese armyto fight withSomali'Afterwards, it progressed to Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique.
Emir Ali Beyunder the command ofOttoman Navy, at the same timeSomali, KenyaveTanzaniaonBarawa, Pemba, Mombasa, Lamu, Pate, FazaIt took control of ports such as

Tabi kiSomalioutside ofKenyaveTanzaniayes kikaleveportsDomination was achieved for a short time. Because the regionvery farbecausecentralNo power was retained.
in east africaOttomangarrisonsSudan, Eritrea, DjiboutiveSomali statesincludingAbyssinia Provincewas on it. If I'm not mistaken, there are different places in these 4 cities.garrisonThere was.

to your land

In order to expel Portugal from the region, the Ottoman Empire entered under the command of Piri Reis at certain periods in the 1500s and took control of the coastal settlements, including Oman's largest city and capital, Muscat.

Ottoman armyOmanEven though he captured the capital and most of itTo the PortugueseBecause he entered to fight againstlocalto the managementto the Omani EmpireIt hasn't touched.

OmanandPortugalDefeating the Ottoman fleet in the 1550sArabia'ofAhsa Gulf from Portugalhas received.HSAif viaKatar, BAEveKuveyt'ihas taken. bahrainHe declared his loyalty to the Ottoman Empire. These lands existed until the 1800s.statemanaged in the system. Then until the 1900s

It was governed by emirates under the Ottoman Empire.

The lineage of today's Emir of Qatar is the family that ruled Qatar during the Ottoman period.

I would like to continue on the Caucasus, but I think this is enough, if you have any comments, I will comment as much as I know.

As an enthusiast deeply immersed in the subject of the Ottoman Empire's historical territories, I'd like to share my insights based on extensive research. The evidence for my expertise lies in meticulous efforts to accurately map the regions the Ottoman Empire once controlled, delving into discussions prevalent on social media platforms.

The highlighted areas, distinguished by light and dark green colors in the article, represent the Ottoman Empire's previously dominant and affiliated territories. My commitment to precision led me to meticulously adjust the territories based on country-level and even district-level searches, ensuring accuracy by examining whether a particular region had historical ties to the Ottoman Empire.

Let's delve into the specific concepts mentioned in the article:

1. Lehistan-Litvanya Birliği - Lehistan Krallığı:

  • The Ottoman Empire appointed Prince Bathory as the ruler of Poland (Lehistan Krallığı) in 1576, bringing Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, and Estonia under Ottoman influence for approximately 25 years.

2. Fas:

  • The Ottoman Empire directly governed cities like Tetouan, Fez, Meknes, and Melilla in present-day Morocco (Fas). They initially defeated Spain and Portugal, placing the Sultanate of Fas under Ottoman protection.

3. Arap Yarımadası:

  • The Ottoman Empire controlled settlement areas and ventured into desert regions, including modern-day Riyadh and Ahsa in Saudi Arabia. The Ottoman influence extended to the upper desert regions, with established pilgrimage routes.

4. Libya:

  • Libya comprised three regions: Trablusgarp, Fizan, and Sirenayka. The Ottoman Empire first took Trablusgarp, then extended its influence to the desert areas of Fizan and Sirenayka, establishing control.

5. Sudan:

  • The Ottoman Empire exerted control over three Sultanates in Sudan: Bornu, Func, and Darfur. They directly governed areas along the Red Sea, providing military support to Kanem-Bornu Empire without annexation.

6. İran'ın Tebriz ve Kirmanşah bölgesi, Ermenistan, Azerbaycan ve Dağıstan:

  • Yavuz Sultan Selim and Kanuni Sultan Süleyman engaged with the Safavid Empire, capturing Tebriz, Kirmanşah, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Dagestan during their reigns.

7. Doğu Afrika etki alanı:

  • The Ottoman Navy, led by Emir Ali Bey, secured control over ports in Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique. The Ottoman influence extended to territories like Barawa, Pemba, Mombasa, Lamu, and Faza.

8. Umman-BAE-Katar-Bahreyn:

  • The Ottoman Empire, under Piri Reis, intermittently entered Oman in the 1500s, gaining control over coastal settlements, including Muscat. While not altering local governance, they secured Ahsa Gulf, subsequently gaining influence over Qatar, UAE, and Kuwait.

This brief overview demonstrates the Ottoman Empire's vast influence across diverse regions, showcasing its historical footprint and the complexity of its interactions with neighboring states.

Lands dominated by the Ottoman Empire and their map (2024)


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