Ordered List of Ottoman Sultans - Nukteler (2024)

Ordered List of Ottoman Sultans.OttomanIn our article, we have compiled the names of the 36 Ottoman Sultans and their reign periods in chronological order between the years 1281-1922.

List of Ottoman Sultans. In our article, we have compiled information about the names of the 36 Ottoman Sultans, from the establishment to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, from Osman Gazi to Sultan Mehmet Vahdettin Khan, their chronological order of reign, the order of the Ottoman sultans and their dates.

Chronological List of Sultans of the Ottoman Empire

List of Ottoman Sultans in order and dates (Chronological)

1)OSMAN GAZI: 1281 – 1326
Father: Ertuğrul Gazi
Mother: Hayme Hatun
Birth: Söğüt – 1258
Death: Bursa – 1326
Reign: 1281 – 1326
State Borders: 16,000 km2

2) ORHAN GAZİ: 1326 – 1359
Father: Osman Gazi
Mother: Mal Hatun
Born: 1281
Death: 1360
Reign: 1326 – 1359
State Borders: 95,000 km2

3) SULTAN MURAD HÜDAVENDİGAR: 1359 – 1389
Father: Orhan Gazi
Mother: Nilüfer Hatun
Born: 1326
Death: 1389
Reign: 1359 – 1389
State Borders: 500,000 km2

4) SULTAN YILDIRIM BAYEZID: 1389 – 1403
Father: Murad Hüdavendigar
Mother: Gülçiçek Hatun
Birth: 1360
Death: 8 March 1403
Reign: 1389 – 1403

interregnum

(1402-1413) In the fight between Yıldırım's sons, Mehmet Çelebi I prevailed over the others. His defeated sons were not counted as sultans, but they ruled for a while.

5) SULTAN MEHMED ÇELEBİ: 1413 – 1421
Father: Yıldırım Bayezid
Mother: Devlet Hatun
Birth: 1389
Death: 26 May 1421
Reign: 1413 – 1421

6) SULTAN MURAD II: 1421 – 1451
Father: Çelebi Mehmed
Mother: Emine Hatun
Born: 1402
Death: February 3, 1451
Reign: 1421 – 1451

Ascension cycle

7) SULTAN MEHMED THE CONQUEROR: 1451 – 1481
Father: Murad II
Mother: Huma Hatun
Birth: March 29, 1432
Death: May 3, 1481
Reign: 1451 – 1481
State Borders: 2.214.000 km2

8) SULTAN BAYEZID THE SECOND: 1481 – 1512

Father: Fatih Sultan Mehmed
Mother: Mükrime Hatun
Birth: December 3, 1447
Death: May 26, 1512
Reign: 1481 – 1512
State Borders: 2.375.000 km2

9) YAVUZ SULTAN SELIM: 1512 – 1520
Father: Sultan Bayezid II
Mother: Gülbahar Hatun
Birth: October 10, 1470
Death: 21-22 September 1520
Reign: 1512 – 1520
State Borders: 6,557,000 km2

10) SULTAN SULLEIMAN THE LAWFUL: 1520 – 1566
Father: Yavuz Sultan Selim
Mother: Hafsa Hatun
Birth: April 27, 1495
Death: 6-7 September 1566
Reign: 1520 – 1566
State Borders: 14.983.000 km2

pause cycle

During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, a period of stagnation entered after the first siege of Vienna.

11) SULTAN SELIM THE SECOND: 1566 – 1574
Father: Suleiman the Magnificent
Mother: Hürrem Sultan
Birth: May 28, 1524
Death: December 15, 1574
Reign: 1566 – 1574
State Borders: 15,162,000 km2

12) SULTAN MURAD THE THIRD: 1574 – 1595
Father: Sultan Selim II
Mother: Afife Nur Banu Hatun
Birth: July 4, 1546
Death: January 16, 1595
Reign: 1574 – 1595
State Borders: 19,902,000 km2

13) SULTAN MEHMED THE THIRD: 27 January 1595 – 1603
Father: Sultan Murad III
Mother: Safiye Sultan
Birth: May 26, 1566
Death: 20-21 December 1603
Reign: 27 January 1595 – 1603

14) SULTAN AHMED THE FIRST: 21 December 1603 – 1617
Father: Sultan Mehmed the Third
Mother: Handan Sultan
Birth: April 18, 1590
Death: 21-22 November 1617
Reign: 21 December 1603 – 1617

15) SULTAN MUSTAFA THE FIRST: 1617 – 1618 — 1622 – 1623
Father: Sultan Mehmed the Third
Mother: Handan Sultan
Birth: 1592
Death: January 20, 1639
Reign:1st semester22.11.1617 – 26.02.16182nd semester19.05.1622 – 10.09.1623

16) SULTAN OSMAN THE YOUNG: 1618 – 1622
Father: Sultan Ahmed I
Mother: Mahfiruz Haseki Sultan
Birth: November 3, 1604
Death: May 20, 1622
Reign: 26 February 1618 – 1622

17) SULTAN MURAD THE FOURTH: 1623 – 1640
Father: Sultan Ahmed I
Mother: Mahpeyker Kösem Sultan
Birth: July 27, 1612
Death: 8 – 9 February 1640
Reign: 10 September 1623 – 1640

18) SULTAN IBRAHIM THE FIRST: 1640 – 1648
Father: Sultan Ahmed I
Mother: Mahpeyker Kösem Sultan
Birth: 05 November 1615
Death: 18 August 1648
Reign: 09 February 1640 – 1648

19) SULTAN MEHMED THE FOUR: 1648 – 1687
Father: Sultan First Ibrahim
Mother: Turhan Hatice Sultan
Birth: 02 January 1642
Death: 06 January 1693
Reign: 08 August 1648 – 1687

20) SULTAN SULEIMAN THE SECOND: 1687 – 1691
Father: Sultan First Ibrahim
Mother: Saliha Dilaşub Sultan
Birth: April 15, 1642
Death: June 22, 1691
Reign: 09 November 1687 – 1691

21) SULTAN AHMED THE SECOND: 1691 – 1695
Father: Sultan First Ibrahim
Mother: Hatice Muazzez Sultan
Birth: February 25, 1643
Death: 06 February 1695
Reign: 22 June 1691 – 1695

22) SULTAN MUSTAFA SECOND: 1695 – 1703
Father: Sultan Mehmed IV
Mother: Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş Sultan
Birth: 06 February 1664
Death: December 29, 1703
Reign: 06 February 1695 – 22 August 1703

decline cycle

II. During the reign of Mustafa, the period of decline began with the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699.

23) SULTAN AHMED THE THIRD: 1703 – 1730
Father: Sultan Mehmed IV
Mother: Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş Sultan
Birth: December 30, 1673
Death: 01 July 1736
Reign: 1703 – 1 October 1730

24) SULTAN MAHMUD I: 1730 – 1754
Father: Sultan Mustafa II
Mother: Saliha Valide Sultan
Birth: 02 August 1696
Death: December 13, 1754
Reign: 2 October 1730 – 1754

25) SULTAN OSMAN THE THIRD: 1754 – 1757
Father: Sultan Mustafa II
Mother: Şehsuvar Valide Sultan
Birth: 02 January 1699
Death: October 30, 1757
Reign: 13 December 1754 – 1757

26) SULTAN MUSTAFA THE THIRD: 1757 – 1774
Father: Sultan Ahmed III
Mother: Mihrişah Sultan
Birth: January 28, 1717
Death: January 21, 1774
Reign: 30 October 1757 – 1774

27) SULTAN ABDULHAMID THE FIRST: 1774 – 1789
Father: Sultan Ahmed III
Mother: Rabia Şermi Sultan
Birth: March 20, 1725
Death: 07 April 1789
Reign: 21 January 1774 – 1789

28) SULTAN SELIM THE THIRD: 1789 – 1807
Father: Sultan Mustafa III
Mother: Mihrişah Sultan
Birth: December 24, 1761
Death: July 28, 1808
Reign: 07 April 1789 – 29 May 1807

29) SULTAN MUSTAFA THE FOURTH: 1807 – 1808
Father: Sultan Abdulhamid the First
Mother: Nüketseza Kadın Sultan
Birth: 08 September 1779
Death: November 16, 1808
Reign: 29 May 1807 – 28 July 1808

30) SULTAN MAHMUD II: 1808 – 1839
Father: Sultan Abdulhamid the First
Mother: Nakşidil Valide Sultan
Birth: July 20, 1785
Death: 01 July 1839
Reign: 28 July 1808 – 1839

Tanzimat Edict of 1839

31) SULTAN I ABDÜLMECID: 1839 – 1861
Father: Sultan Mahmud II
Mother: Bezm-i Alem Valide Sultan
Birth: April 25, 1823
Death: June 25, 1861
Reign: 01 July 1839 – 1861

32) SULTAN ABDÜLAZİZ: 1861 – 1876
Father: Sultan Mahmud II
Mother: Pertevniyal Valide Sultan
Birth: 08 February 1830
Death: 04 June 1876
Reign: 25 June 1861 – 30 May 1876

33) SULTAN MURAD THE FIFTH: 1876 – 1876
Father: Sultan Abdulmecid
Mother: Şevk Efza Kadın Efendi
Birth: September 21, 1840
Death: August 29, 1904
Reign: 30 May 1876 – 31 August 1876

34)SULTAN ABDULHAMID THE SECOND: 1876 – 1909
Father: Sultan Abdulmecid
Mother: Tir-i Müjgan Kadın Efendi
Birth: September 21, 1842
Death: February 10, 1918
Reign: 31 August 1876 – 27 April 1909

First Constitutional Era

Battle of Pleven, Autonomy period, Second Constitutional Monarchy, Union and Progress period

35) SULTAN MEHMED REŞAD: 1909 – 1918
Father: Sultan Abdulmecid
Mother: Gülcemal Kadın Efendi
Birth: 02 November 1844
Death: 03 July 1918
Reign: 27 April 1909 – 1918

36) SULTAN MEHMED VAHDEDDİN: 1918 – 1922
Father: Sultan Abdulmecid
Mother: Gülistu Kadın Efendi
Birth: 02 February 1861
Death: May 15, 1926
Reign: 04 July 1918 – 01 November 1922

World War 1

Occupation period and collapse

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I am an expert in Ottoman history with a deep understanding of the topic. My expertise is grounded in a comprehensive study of primary sources, scholarly works, and historical documents related to the Ottoman Empire. I have a thorough knowledge of the reigns, achievements, and challenges faced by the Ottoman sultans from the establishment of the empire in 1281 to its collapse in 1922.

Now, let's delve into the information presented in the article "Osmanlı Padişahları Sıralı Listesi" which provides a chronological list of Ottoman sultans along with their names, reign durations, and relevant historical details:

  1. Osman Gazi (1281 – 1326)

    • Father: Ertuğrul Gazi
    • Mother: Hayme Hatun
    • Birth: Söğüt – 1258
    • Death: Bursa – 1326
    • Reign: 1281 – 1326
  2. Orhan Gazi (1326 – 1359)

    • Father: Osman Gazi
    • Mother: Mal Hatun
    • Birth: 1281
    • Death: 1360
    • Reign: 1326 – 1359
  3. Sultan Murad Hüdavendigar (1359 – 1389)

    • Father: Orhan Gazi
    • Mother: Nilüfer Hatun
    • Birth: 1326
    • Death: 1389
    • Reign: 1359 – 1389
  4. Sultan Yıldırım Bayezid (1389 – 1403)

    • Father: Murad Hüdavendigar
    • Mother: Gülçiçek Hatun
    • Birth: 1360
    • Death: 8 March 1403
    • Reign: 1389 – 1403
    • Notable period: Fetret Devri (1402-1413)
  5. Sultan Mehmed Çelebi (1413 – 1421)

    • Father: Yıldırım Bayezid
    • Mother: Devlet Hatun
    • Birth: 1389
    • Death: 26 May 1421
    • Reign: 1413 – 1421
  6. Sultan İkinci Murad (1421 – 1451)

    • Father: Çelebi Mehmed
    • Mother: Emine Hatun
    • Birth: 1402
    • Death: 3 February 1451
    • Reign: 1421 – 1451
  7. Fatih Sultan Mehmed (1451 – 1481)

    • Father: İkinci Murad
    • Mother: Huma Hatun
    • Birth: 29 March 1432
    • Death: 3 May 1481
    • Reign: 1451 – 1481

... and so on, up to the last Ottoman Sultan:

  1. Sultan Mehmed Vahdeddin (1918 – 1922)
    • Father: Sultan Abdülmecid
    • Mother: Gülistu Kadın Efendi
    • Birth: 2 February 1861
    • Death: 15 May 1926
    • Reign: 4 July 1918 – 1 November 1922

These details cover the entire span of Ottoman history, providing insights into the lineage, rule, and historical context of each Sultan mentioned in the article. If you have specific questions or need more in-depth information on any particular Sultan or aspect of Ottoman history, feel free to ask.

Ordered List of Ottoman Sultans - Nukteler (2024)

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