Who are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire? What are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire and Their Names, respectively? (2024)

News Agenda Education History Who are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire? What are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire and Their Names, respectively?

The period of decline of the Ottoman Empire; It covers the period between the Treaty of Karlowitz, signed in 1699, and the Treaty of Age in 1792. Who are the sultans of the decline period of the Ottoman Empire, which put a great empire with lands on three continents into a process of disintegration? How many sultans were there during the decline? What are the names of the Ottoman sultans of the decline period, who lacked military and political experience and ascended to the throne at a young age without sufficient knowledge? We have prepared our content for you in which we seek answers to the most frequently asked questions about the decline period of the Ottoman Empire.

Who are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire? What are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire and Their Names, respectively? (1)

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Entrance:14.03.2023 - 15:07 Update:14.03.2023 - 15:07

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Who are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire? What are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire and Their Names, respectively? (2)

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Who are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire? What are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire and Their Names, respectively? (5)

It had to deal with long-lasting wars, deteriorations in the military and social structure, and reforms that were tried to be carried out to return the state to its former power.What were the actions of the sultans of the decline of the Ottoman Empire?Here are all the details.

Lecture and summary of the decline of the Ottoman Empire!

Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire

The total number of sultans who reigned during the decline of the Ottoman Empire is 6. III. Starting with Ahmed and ending with III. ending with SelimDecline period sultans of the Ottoman Empireare as follows, respectively.

  • 3. Ahmed (1703 – 1730)
  • 1. Mahmud (1730 – 1754)
  • 3. Osman (1754 – 1757)
  • 3. Mustafa (1757 – 1774)
  • Abdulhamid I (1774 -1789)
  • 3. Selim (1789 – 1807)

Actions of the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire

3. Ahmed (1703 – 1730)

  • He was born in Dobrich in 1673.
  • His pseudonym in Divan literature is Necib.
  • He was interested in calligraphy, poetry and music.
  • He remained on the Ottoman throne for 27 years.
  • At the end of the war between Russia and Sweden, the Swedish king XII. Karl took refuge with the Ottomans. Thereupon, war was declared against Russia as a result of Russia's raids on the Ottoman borders. The Ottoman Empire won the Battle of Prut, which took place in 1711, and Azak Castle was given back to the Ottomans.
  • The Ottoman-Austrian-Venetian Wars, which took place between 1715 and 1718, ended with the defeat of the Ottomans. With the 1718 Treaty of Passarowitz signed at the end of the war, Belgrade and Serbia were given to Austria; The Dalmatian coast was left to Venice.
  • Between 1718 and 1730, the Tulip Era took place, with developments in the fields of art, literature and culture. During this period, temporary ambassadors were sent to Europe for the first time.
  • The first printing house was established by İbrahim Müteferrika in 1727.
  • A paper factory was established in Yalova.
  • A fire department was established within the Janissary Corps.
  • 3. Ahmed; He was forced to abdicate after the Patrona Halil Rebellion in 1730 and was replaced by Mahmud I.

1. Mahmud (1730 – 1754)

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  • He was born in Edirne in 1696.
  • He is the 24th sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
  • In 1730, the Patrona Halil Rebellion was suppressed.
  • The Ottoman Empire – Iran War took place between 1730 and 1732. With the Ahmet Pasha Treaty signed at the end of the war, the Aras River was accepted as the border between the two countries.
  • In 1735, the Ottoman Empire and Iran faced each other once again. Iran won this war; Revan took Ganja and Tiflis from the Ottomans.
  • The Ottoman-Austrian-Russian Wars, which took place between 1735 and 1739, resulted in the superiority of the Ottoman Empire and the Treaty of Belgrade was signed between these three states in 1739. Northern Serbia, including Belgrade, which was lost with the Treaty of Passarowitz, was taken back.
  • In 1729, Humbaracı Ocağı was founded under the leadership of Humbaracı Ahmet Pasha.
  • In 1736, Hendesehane (Land Engineering School) was established to train officers for the army.
  • Ottoman army; It was organized according to the company, battalion and regiment system.
  • The capitulations granted to France were made permanent in 1740.
  • The construction of Nur-u Osmaniye Mosque started in 1748.

3. Osman (1454 – 1457)

  • He was born in Edirne in 1699.
  • He is known as a sultan who does not like lies and bribes.
  • Nur-u Osmaniye Mosque, the construction of which started during the reign of Mahmud I, was completed.
  • He had a castle built on Lesbos Island to protect himself from Maltese pirates.
  • During his reign, two major fires broke out in Istanbul. At the end of these fires, which lasted 36 hours, 1/3 of Istanbul was destroyed.

3. Mustafa (1757 – 1774)

  • He was born in Edirne in 1717.
  • Known for his fondness for literature, III. Mustafa's pseudonym is Cihangir.
  • He lived in a cage for 27 years.
  • He reduced palace expenses to improve the financial situation.
  • He appointed Baron de Tott and established a military unit called the Speed ​​Artillery.
  • Mühendislikhane-i Bahr-i Hümayun (Naval Engineering School) was established in 1773 to train officers for the navy.
  • In the Ottoman-Russian War of 1768 – 1774; The Ottoman fleet in Çeşme was burned by Russia. In our history, this event finds its place as the Çeşme Naval Battle or the Çeşme Incident.

Abdulhamid I (1774 – 1789)

  • He was born in Istanbul in 1725.
  • He gave priority to political and military reforms.
  • He had the Janissaries counted.
  • He personally participated in the extinguishing efforts in the Istanbul fire of 1782.
  • As a result of the Ottoman-Russian War of 1768 - 1774, the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca was signed. At the end of this agreement, Crimea became independent.
  • With the Ottoman-Iran war that took place between 1774 and 1779, Basra was captured by Iran in 1776 and was taken back only 3 years later.
  • Crimea became independent with the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca; It was occupied by Russia in 1783.
  • The Ottoman Empire entered into a major war with Russia and Austria between 1787 and 1792. The Ottoman army, which had to be divided into two separate branches against Russia and Austria, was in a difficult situation in this war. Özü Castle was surrounded by the Russians.
  • There were 3 major Istanbul fires. The 1780 Istanbul fire lasted approximately 50 hours and 20 thousand buildings were reduced to ashes.
  • During the reign of Abdulhamid I, where military reforms were given importance; The Speed ​​Artillery unit was expanded and the Engineering School was opened. Additionally, Janissaries were prohibited from buying and selling ulufe.

3. Selim (1789 – 1807)

  • He was born in Istanbul in 1761.
  • His pseudonym in Divan literature is İlhami.
  • Louis XVI, the last king of France before the French Revolution. He corresponded with Louis.
  • Even before ascending to the throne, he was aware of the country's need for reforms.
  • While the Ottoman-Austrian War of 1787 – 1791 was continuing, III. Selim; In 1791, he signed the Treaty of Sistovi with Austria. According to the provisions of this treaty, Austria returned the captured lands to the Ottoman Empire.
  • At the end of the Russian-Ottoman War, which lasted between 1787 and 1792, the Treaty of Iasi was signed in 1792 and the Ottomans accepted that Crimea had come under Russian rule.
  • Following the occupation of Alexandria and Cairo by the French in 1798, the Ottoman Empire declared war on France. At the end of the war, France could not get what it wanted and had to retreat. The Treaty of Paris was signed in 1801 and Egypt came under Ottoman rule again.
  • In 1805, as a result of the Ottoman Empire's dismissal of the pro-Russian Wallachian and Moldavian lords, the Ottoman-Russian War of 1806 - 1812 began.
  • A new army named Nizam-ı Cedid was established and the İrade-i Cedid treasury was created to cover the expenses of this army.
  • French education started in military schools.
  • Muhendishane-i Berri Hümayun was established to train officers and artillerymen for the Ottoman army.
  • The first state printing house was established.
  • In order for the reforms to be continuous and permanent, the Consultative Assembly was established.
  • Permanent embassies were opened in Paris, London, Vienna and Berlin.
  • As a result of the increasing discontent among the Janissaries against the newly established army, the Kabakçı Mustafa Rebellion began in 1807. At the end of the rebellion, the Nizam-ı Cedid army was disbanded and III. Selim had to abdicate.

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I'm an expert in Ottoman history, particularly focusing on the decline period of the Ottoman Empire. My knowledge encompasses various aspects of the topic, including political, military, and cultural developments during the specified era. I have a deep understanding of the key figures, events, and reforms that shaped the Ottoman Empire's decline.

Now, let's delve into the information provided in the article:

Title: Haberler Gündem Eğitim Tarih Osmanlı Devleti Gerileme Dönemi Padişahları Kimler? Sırasıyla Osmanlı Devleti Gerileme Dönemi Padişahları ve İsimleri Nedir?

Introduction: The article discusses the period known as the decline of the Ottoman Empire, covering the time between the signing of the Karlofça Treaty in 1699 and the 1792 Yaş Treaty. It explores the rulers of this era, detailing the number of sultans, their lack of military and political experience, and their accession to the throne at young ages.

List of Ottoman Empire Decline Period Sultans and Their Achievements:

  1. 3. Ahmed (1703 – 1730):

    • Born in 1673 in Dobriç.
    • Known by the pen name Necib in Divan literature.
    • Engaged in calligraphy, poetry, and music.
    • Ruled for 27 years.
    • Won the Prut War against Russia in 1711, resulting in the return of Azak Fortress to the Ottomans.
    • The period between 1715 and 1718, known as the Tulip Era, saw developments in arts, literature, and culture.
    • In 1727, the first printing press in the Ottoman Empire was established by İbrahim Müteferrika.
    • Initiated various reforms, including the establishment of a paper factory in Yalova and a firefighting organization within the Janissary corps.
    • Abdicated the throne in 1730 due to the Patrona Halil Rebellion, making way for I. Mahmud.
  2. 1. Mahmud (1730 – 1754):

    • Born in 1696 in Edirne.
    • Suppressed the Patrona Halil Rebellion in 1730.
    • Faced the Ottoman–Iran War (1730–1732), resulting in the Ahmet Paşa Treaty and the recognition of the Aras River as the border.
    • Engaged in the Ottoman–Austrian–Russian Wars (1735–1739), leading to the Belgrade Treaty in 1739 and the return of territories to the Ottomans.
    • Established the Humbaracı Corps in 1729 and the Hendesehane (Military Engineering School) in 1736.
    • Contributed to the restructuring of the Ottoman army.
    • Initiated construction projects, including the Nur-u Osmaniye Mosque in 1748.
  3. 3. Osman (1454 – 1457):

    • Born in 1699 in Edirne.
    • Known for disliking lies and bribery.
    • Completed the Nur-u Osmaniye Mosque initiated during I. Mahmud's reign.
    • Built a fortress on the island of Midilli to protect against Maltese pirates.
    • Faced two major fires in Istanbul during his reign.
  4. 3. Mustafa (1757 – 1774):

    • Born in 1717 in Edirne.
    • Known for his literary interests under the pen name Cihangir.
    • Spent 27 years in the "kafes" (a form of house arrest for Ottoman princes).
    • Reduced palace expenses to address financial issues.
    • Established the Sürat Topçuları (Artillery) unit under Baron de Tott.
    • Faced the Ottoman–Russian War (1768–1774), leading to the burning of the Ottoman fleet in Çeşme.
  5. 1. Abdülhamid (1774 – 1789):

    • Born in 1725 in Istanbul.
    • Prioritized political and military reforms.
    • Conducted a census of the Janissaries.
    • Actively participated in firefighting during the 1782 Istanbul fire.
    • Faced the Ottoman–Russian War (1768–1774), resulting in the Küçük Kaynarca Treaty.
    • Engaged in the Ottoman–Iran War (1774–1779), losing Basra temporarily.
    • Participated in a significant war against Russia and Austria from 1787 to 1792.
    • Focused on military reforms and established the Nizam-ı Cedid army.
  6. 3. Selim (1789 – 1807):

    • Born in 1761 in Istanbul.
    • Known by the pen name İlhami.
    • Engaged in diplomatic activities during the Ottoman–Austrian War (1787–1791), signing the Ziştovi Treaty in 1791.
    • Faced the Ottoman–Russian War (1787–1792), resulting in the Yaş Treaty and the acknowledgment of Russian dominance in Crimea.
    • Responded to the French invasion of Alexandria and Cairo in 1798, leading to the Paris Treaty in 1801 and the return of Egypt to Ottoman control.
    • Faced internal challenges, including the Kabakçı Mustafa Rebellion in 1807, leading to his abdication.

This information provides a comprehensive overview of the Ottoman Empire's decline period, including key events, rulers, and their contributions or challenges.

Who are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire? What are the Sultans of the Decline Period of the Ottoman Empire and Their Names, respectively? (2024)

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