Who were the Sultans of the Stagnation Period of the Ottoman Empire? Who are the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire and what are their names? (2024)

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Ottoman Empire stagnation period; It is the name given to the period between 1579, the date of death of Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, and the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699. Who are the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire, where deterioration and corruption began in the state administration? What are the names of the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire, who had to ascend to the throne without military and political experience, after the method of ascending to the sanjak was abandoned? You can find the answers to all your questions about the Ottoman Empire's stagnation period in the rest of our article.

Who were the Sultans of the Stagnation Period of the Ottoman Empire? Who are the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire and what are their names? (1)

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Who were the Sultans of the Stagnation Period of the Ottoman Empire? Who are the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire and what are their names? (2)

Who were the Sultans of the Stagnation Period of the Ottoman Empire? Who are the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire and what are their names? (3)

Who were the Sultans of the Stagnation Period of the Ottoman Empire? Who are the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire and what are their names? (5)

Deterioration began in the central authority, economy and social structure, and military system.How many sultans were there in the Ottoman Empire's stagnation period?It includes some reform initiatives in response to these deteriorations.The actions of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire during the stagnation periodWhat are they? Here are all the details.

Summary of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire

Sultans of the Stagnation Period of the Ottoman Empire

  • 3. Murad (1574 – 1595)
  • 3. Mehmed (1595 – 1603)
  • 1. Ahmed (1603 – 1617)
  • 1. Mustafa (1617 – 1618)
  • 2. Osman (1618 – 1622)
  • 1. Mustafa (1622- 1623)
  • 4. Murad (1623 – 1640)
  • Sultan Ibrahim (1640 – 1648)
  • 4. Mehmed (1648 – 1687)
  • Suleiman II (1687 – 1691)
  • 2. Ahmed (1691 – 1695)
  • 2. Mustafa (1695 – 1703)

Now let's all come together, the names of whom we have mentioned above.The actions of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire during the stagnation periodLet's take a look at what happened.

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3. Murad (1574 – 1595)

  • He was born in Manisa in 1546.
  • He used the pseudonyms Murad and Muradi in Divan literature.
  • During his reign, he changed the grand vizier 11 times and the sheikh ul-islam 7 times.
  • He did not participate in any expeditions during his reign.
  • Corruption and corruption in the state also started in this period.
  • The security of the northern border was ensured with the agreements made with Poland.
  • Morocco was captured in 1578.
  • England was granted capitulation for the first time.
  • The Janissary rebellion started in 1589. The rebellion, which was eventually suppressed by accepting the demands of the Janissaries, was called the Beylerbeyi Incident.
  • The widest borders in the east were reached with the Ferhat Pasha Treaty signed with the Safavids in 1590.
  • The Ottoman-Austrian War, which would last between 1593 and 1606, began. III. Murad died in 1595 while the war was continuing.

3. Mehmed (1595 – 1603)

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  • He was born in Manisa in 1566.
  • The pseudonym he uses in Divan literature is Adli.
  • He is the last Ottoman sultan to ascend to the sanjak.
  • He had to deal with the Celali rebellions in Anatolia.
  • He is the first sultan to go on a campaign at the head of armies after Suleiman the Magnificent.
  • He ascended to the throne while the Ottoman-Austrian War was continuing between 1593 and 1506.
  • Eğri Castle was conquered in 1596.
  • Again in 1596, the Battle of Haçova was won and the road to Vienna was opened to the Ottomans.
  • Kanije Castle was conquered in 1600.
  • The Ottoman-Safavid war started between 1603 and 1613. Tabriz and Revan fell into the hands of the Safavids.
  • Mehmed III died in 1603 while the Ottoman-Safavid War was continuing.

1. Ahmed (1603 – 1617)

  • He was born in Manisa in 1590.
  • The pseudonym of Ahmed I, who was fond of literature, is Bahti.
  • He is the first Ottoman sultan to ascend to the throne without ascending to the sanjak.
  • He abolished the law of fratricide and replaced it with the Akbar and Erşed system.
  • Sultan Ahmed Mosque was built in this period.
  • Celali suppressed their rebellion.
  • He conquered Ciğerdelen and Estergon castle in 1605.
  • At the end of the 11-year Ottoman-Austrian Wars, the Treaty of Zitvatorok was signed in 1606.
  • The ongoing war with the Safavids ended with the Nasuh Pasha Treaty signed in 1612.
  • Ahmed I, the 14th sultan of the Ottoman Empire, died in 1617.

Mustafa I (1617 – 1618 and 1622 – 1623)

  • He was born in Manisa in 1591.
  • He is the third sultan to ascend to the throne twice, after Murad II and Mehmed the Conqueror.
  • For the first time in Ottoman history, he broke the rule of inheritance from father to son and ascended the throne after his brother.
  • His first reign was 93 days; The second one lasted about 1 year.
  • Both of his reigns ended with his dethronement.

Osman II – Young Osman (1618 – 1622)

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  • He was born in Istanbul on November 3, 1604.
  • He used Farisi as a pseudonym in Divan literature.
  • He was the first Ottoman sultan to be killed as a result of the uprising.
  • He ascended to the throne at the age of 13 after his uncle Mustafa I was dethroned.
  • At the end of the Iran Campaign, which continued when he ascended the throne, the Treaty of Serav was signed between the Ottomans and the Safavids in 1618.
  • Manfredonia, a port city belonging to Spain, was captured.
  • After the Polish Campaign in 1621, the Treaty of Hotin was signed between the Ottomans and the Poles.
  • Young Osman, who planned to carry out many reforms in the military, social and economic fields; As a result of the Janissary rebellion that broke out when he wanted to abolish the Janissary corps and establish a new army, he was first imprisoned in Yedikule dungeons and then martyred in 1622. This incident in Ottoman history was called Haile-i Osmaniye, which means Ottoman disaster.
  • Young Osman, who was killed in 1622 when he was 17 years old; He is the youngest ruler to die among the Ottoman sultans.

4. Murad (1623 – 1640)

  • He was born in Istanbul in 1612.
  • He used the pseudonym Muradi in Divan literature.
  • He was named as the Conqueror of Baghdad, Tabriz and Revan.
  • The first years of his reign were spent under the control of his mother, Kösem Sultan.
  • IV, who ascended to the throne at the age of 11. Murad; He is the 17th Ottoman sultan.
  • In 1628, the Abaza Pasha Rebellion was suppressed.
  • He took power since 1632.
  • Tobacco, alcohol and coffee were banned during the period.
  • The Ottoman – Safavid War of 1623 – 1639 took place in this period.
  • Eastern Anatolia, Ahıska, Revan and a large part of the Caucasus were conquered.
  • In 1638, Baghdad rejoined the Ottoman territory.
  • The Mesopotamian geography came under Ottoman control.
  • In 1639, the Treaty of Kasr-ı Şirin was signed with the Safavids. This war also determined the current Türkiye-Iran border.
  • Murad died in 1640.

Sultan Ibrahim (1640 – 1648)

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  • He was born in Istanbul in 1615.
  • His period as a prince was spent with a very strict palace life.
  • The value of the currency was lowered and efforts were made to increase the treasury revenue.
  • Chania was conquered in 1645.
  • The Varvar Ali Pasha Rebellion, which emerged as a Celali rebellion, was suppressed.
  • Sultan Ibrahim was dethroned in 1648 as a result of a rebellion.

4. Mehmed (1648 -1687)

  • He was born in Istanbul in 1642.
  • He is also known as Avcı Mehmed.
  • He ascended to the throne at the age of 6.
  • IV, who remained on the throne for 39 years. Mehmed is the second longest reigning sultan after Suleiman the Magnificent.
  • Ottoman Empire; During this reign, it reached its largest borders in the west.
  • As a result of a military uprising in Istanbul, 30 people on the list that the rebels gave to the sultan were killed. This incident is called Casey-i Vakvakiye in Ottoman history.
  • Uyvar Castle was conquered in 1662.
  • Crete was conquered in 1669.
  • With the Treaty of Bucaş signed between the Ottomans and Poland in 1672, the widest borders in the west were reached.
  • Çehri Castle was conquered in 1678.
  • In 1681, the Treaty of Bakhchisarai was signed between the Ottomans and the Russians. This agreement; It is the first agreement signed between two states.
  • In 1683, II. The Siege of Vienna was carried out but was not successful.
  • The Second World War, which started after the siege and took place during the Holy Alliance Wars of the Ottoman Empire between 1683 and 1699. After the defeat in the Battle of Mohács, the army revolted and IV. Mehmed had to abdicate in 1689.
  • He died in Edirne on January 10, 1693.

Suleiman II (1687 – 1691)

  • He was born in Istanbul in 1642.
  • II, who spent 40 years as a prince. Suleiman is the sultan who waited the longest as the crown prince in Ottoman history.
  • Venice occupied the Peloponnese.
  • After Esztergom, Budapest and Belgrade were captured by Austria, the Austrian Expedition was launched and in 1690, Belgrade rejoined the Ottoman territory.
  • He died in Edirne during the Hungarian Expedition in 1691.

2. Ahmed (1691 – 1695)

  • He was born in Istanbul in 1643.
  • During his reign, II. He had to deal with the Ottoman-Holy Alliance Wars of 1683 - 1699, which followed the Siege of Vienna.
  • He died in Edirne in 1695.

2. Mustafa (1695 – 1703)

  • He was born in Edirne in 1664.
  • Nicknamed Gazi, II. Mustafa used the pseudonym İkbali in divan literature.
  • He is the last sultan to go on a campaign at the head of the armies.
  • He organized three expeditions to Austria.
  • The Ottomans suffered a heavy defeat in the Battle of Zenta in 1697, which took place during the Austrian Campaign.
  • The Venetians attacked Mora and Dalmatia.
  • In 1695, the Russian Tsardom captured the Azov Castle.
  • At the end of the defeat in Zenta, the Treaty of Karlowitz was signed, ending the Ottoman - Holy Alliance Wars of 1683 - 1699.
  • With the Treaty of Karlowitz signed in 1699, almost all of Hungary and Transylvania were left to Austria, Podolia and Ukraine to Poland, and Morea and Dalmatia to the Venetians.
  • With these losses, the Ottoman Empire experienced such large territorial losses in the west for the first time. In addition, 1699, the date of the Treaty of Karlowitz, is considered the beginning of the decline of the Ottoman Empire.
  • In 1700, the Treaty of Istanbul was signed with Russia and Azov Castle was left to the Russian Tsardom.
  • Mustafa II was dethroned in 1703 as a result of a major uprising known as the Edirne Incident in Ottoman history.

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I'm well-versed in the topic of the Ottoman Empire and its Decline Period (Duraklama Dönemi). The evidence of my expertise lies in the detailed information I can provide about the specific historical context, events, and personalities during this period.

Now, regarding the information in the provided article:

The article discusses the Ottoman Empire's Decline Period, which spans from the death of Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha in 1579 to the Karlowitz Peace Treaty in 1699. This era is characterized by a decline in central authority, economic and social structures, and military capabilities.

The Ottoman sultans during the Decline Period, listed chronologically, are as follows:

  1. 3. Murad (1574 – 1595):

    • Born in 1546 in Manisa.
    • Ruled during a period of administrative changes and external conflicts.
    • Faced internal challenges such as the Janissary Rebellion in 1589.
    • Signed significant treaties, including the Ferhat Pasha Treaty with the Safavids in 1590.
  2. 3. Mehmed (1595 – 1603):

    • Born in 1566 in Manisa.
    • Dealt with Celali rebellions and led military campaigns, capturing Eger Castle in 1596.
    • Faced challenges during the Ottoman–Safavid War.
  3. 1. Ahmed (1603 – 1617):

    • Born in 1590 in Manisa.
    • Initiated reforms, including lifting the fratricide law and introducing the Ekber and Erşed system.
    • Successfully dealt with the Celali rebellions.
  4. 1. Mustafa (1617 – 1618 and 1622 – 1623):

    • Born in 1591 in Manisa.
    • Broke the tradition of succession by ascending the throne after his brother's reign.
    • Faced short reigns with both terms ending in his dethronement.
  5. 2. Osman – Genç Osman (1618 – 1622):

    • Born on November 3, 1604, in Istanbul.
    • Confronted internal dissent, known as the Yeniçeri Rebellion.
    • Executed at the age of 17 after attempting military and social reforms.
  6. 4. Murad (1623 – 1640):

    • Born in 1612 in Istanbul.
    • Focused on consolidating power, suppressing the Abaza Pasha Rebellion, and implementing social restrictions.
    • Expanded Ottoman territories through successful wars, including the Ottoman–Safavid War.
  7. Sultan İbrahim (1640 – 1648):

    • Born in 1615 in Istanbul.
    • Faced economic challenges and successfully conquered Hanya in 1645.
    • Deposed in 1648 following a popular uprising.
  8. 4. Mehmed (1648 - 1687):

    • Born in 1642 in Istanbul.
    • Known as Avcı Mehmed.
    • Led successful military campaigns, but faced internal unrest and abdicated in 1689 after defeat in the Second Battle of Mohács.
  9. 2. Süleyman (1687 – 1691):

    • Born in 1642 in Istanbul.
    • Longest-reigning heir in Ottoman history.
    • Reclaimed Belgrade in 1690 during the Austrian War.
  10. 2. Ahmed (1691 – 1695):

    • Born in 1643 in Istanbul.
    • Faced challenges during the Ottoman–Holy League Wars.
    • Died in 1695 in Edirne.
  11. 2. Mustafa (1695 – 1703):

    • Born in 1664 in Edirne.
    • Known as Gazi.
    • Concluded the Karlowitz Peace Treaty in 1699, marking significant territorial losses for the Ottoman Empire.
    • Deposed in 1703 after the Edirne Incident.

This summary covers key details about each ruler and their actions during the Ottoman Decline Period. If you have specific questions or need more information on any particular aspect, feel free to ask.

Who were the Sultans of the Stagnation Period of the Ottoman Empire? Who are the sultans of the stagnation period of the Ottoman Empire and what are their names? (2024)

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